When it comes to eating a healthy diet some of use require some guidance as to what you should be eating more of and what you should be eating less of. In response to this need nutrition experts and the government have produced a simplified way for people to gain knowledge about healthy eating and the foods they need to consume to for a healthy diet. The healthy food pyramid is usually displayed as a diagram with the food groups used to organise types of food according to there energy and nutrient content.
There are many different versions of the healthy food pyramid however most of them contain the same food and health information just presented in slightly different ways. Most health food pyramids are pictured with the foods we need to eat the most making up the larger section of the diagram at the base and the foods that we should be eating less of appear at the top of the pyramid in the smallest part.
The healthy food pyramid is presented in a number of sections which get smaller the higher you go on the pyramid. The base section of the pyramid includes foods that should make up the bulk of our diet. This section includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, lentils, breads and cereals which contain many different and beneficial vitamins, nutrients and minerals. As well as consuming these foods water is also included in this part of the healthy food pyramid as it is a very important for hydration and many people don’t drink enough water.
The middle section of the pyramid focuses on foods such as lean meat, fish, eggs, chicken and dairy products which should be eaten moderately. To maintain a healthy diet it is recommended that one to two servings of foods in this group is needed to provide the body with enough protein, minerals such as iron and calcium as well as B group vitamins.
Lastly the top section of the healthy food pyramid includes foods that need only be consumed in small quantities. Foods included in this group are fats, oils and sugars and should be eaten only in small amounts as your body does not need much of these foods to remain healthy. Eating a diet high in sugars, fats and oils is generally recognised as contributing to many detrimental health effects such as obesity and diabetes.